In 2001, President George W. Bush came to office with the promise of large tax cuts. One of his first acts as president was signing $1.35 trillion in cuts, phased in over the next ten years. Part of that legislation included a gradual reduction of the Federal Estate Tax to be followed by a one-year repeal in 2010. This law, however, also included a sunset provision where the tax cuts, together with the Estate Tax repeal, would expire in 2011.
The fight against drunk driving has led to tougher penalties and more aggressive detection tactics by law enforcement. Many police departments conduct sobriety checkpoints as a way to reduce the number of drunk drivers on the roads. Pennsylvania courts have had to decide if sobriety checkpoints were valid under the state and federal constitution.